Art & Culture Notes Part 3 – Famous Art Forms In India

The art treasures of India are among the greatest in the world. They include 4,000-year old statuettes of lifelike vitality, fine paintings, and many types of images of Buddha. They also include temples carved into solid rock, huge temples with elaborately sculptured towers, and graceful mosques, palaces and tombs, all ornamented with delicate decorative work. Archaeologists have unearthed ruined cities from a period around 2000 B.C. known as the Harappan civilization. Objects found there and at other sites served, both, religious and practical purposes. After, this time, there is a break in the record of artistic objects. Very few objects from the period 1600-500B.C. have been found. But, from about 200 B.C., an unbroken sequence of art objects survives to give art, historians, some idea of the long rich tradition of Indian art.

Names State of Origin Materials Used
Patachitra painting

 

 

The art form has its origin dates back in 5th century BC and since then it has been lovingly nurtured in the areas like Raghurajpur Village in Puri district of Odisha Canvas made of fine gauzelike cloth fortified with tamarind paste, chalk powder and gum and natural dyes for intricate painting over it
Bengal pat painting

 

The indigenous art form belongs to Bengal and very interestingly it depicts spoofs on retrograde social practices, thus attempting to highlight them for change. Artists use the dye that is made of spices, earth, soot etc, and particularly red, indigo, green, black and ochre colours are seen widely in such painting
Madhubani painting

 

This art form comes under the cultural legacy of Madhubani district of Bihar depicting mythological stories of Lord Krishna. Various geometric shapes have given emphasis on the colourful environment of Madhubani Painting Canvas. Traditionally people were using the mud-coated wall as the canvas for painting. But with time the canvases modified into cloth, handmade paper to give the painting the same authentic look. The colours used in the painting are derived from the natural elements like bamboo shoots, turmeric powder, Rice powder, flower extracts, pollens etc.
Miniature painting

 

 

Developed during Mughal Period i.e. 16th – 19th century this style of painting is very small in size but has a lot of niceties of court life and the contemporary personalities, events and actions of the Mughal times. The intricate designs are given form by using colours using precious stones conch shells, gold and silver
Tanjore art

 

As the name indicates this form of art has its origin in Tanjore district of Southern Tamil Nadu depicting the stories of gods and goddess with an aristocratic touch. Semi-precious stones, glass and gold are used to give the painting a royal look with embellished designs
Kalamkari

 

This ethnic painting is a patronage of Golkonda and Mughal Sultanate and flourished near Kalahasti region of Chennai a Masulipatnam area of Hyderabad The art is executed by fine pens made of bamboo and natural colours extracted from vegetables
Warli Painting

 

This is a rudimentary wall painting with emphasis on graphical pattern and legacy of North Sahyadri Range in India. It’s an age-old tribal painting started during the 2500 or 3000 BCE depicts the nature, celestial body and human invention with the different graphical shape Typical natural elements such as Rice paste, mix with Gum and Water Red clay (Geru), cow dung, mud are used to give the painting an authentic tribal look
Gond art

 

 

 

This is a tribal art form developed by Gond Tribes of Central India. The typical design Gond art with dots and lines depict the nature and social customs of the tribal community These art forms are generally drawn on made on walls, ceilings and floors of village houses

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