Sanctuary is an area which is of adequate ecological, faunal, floral, Geo-morphological, natural or zoological significance. The Sanctuary is declared for the purpose of protecting, propagating or developing wildlife or its environment. Certain rights of people living inside the Sanctuary could be permitted. Further, during the settlement of claims, before finally notifying the Sanctuary, the Collector may, in consultation with the Chief Wildlife Warden, allow the continuation of any right of any person in or over any land within the limits of the Sanctuary.
A sanctuary is a protected area which is reserved for the conservation of only animal and human activities like the harvesting of timber, collecting minor forest products and private ownership rights are allowed as long as they do not interfere with the well-being of animals. Boundaries of sanctuaries are not well defined and controlled biotic interference is permitted.
“Sanctuary” means an area declared, whether under Sec. [26(A)5] or sec 38, or deemed, under subsection (3) of Sec.66 to be declared, as a wildlife sanctuary;
India has 515 animal sanctuaries referred to as wildlife sanctuaries category IV protected areas. Among these, the 48 tiger reserves are governed by Project Tiger and are of special significance in the conservation of the tiger.
List of Important Wild Life Sanctuaries in India
|Name of the Sanctuary||Location||Major Species|
|Gir Wild Life Sanctuary||Sasan Gir, Junagadh, Amreli||Lion, Leopard, Chausinga, Chital, Hyena, Sambar, Chinkara, Herpetofauna, Crocodiles and birds|
|Wild Ass Sanctuary||Little Rann of Kachchh||Wild Ass, Chinkara, Blue bull, Houbara bustard, Wolf, Waterfowls, Herpetofauna|
|Hingolgadh Sanctuary||Hingolgadh, Rajkot||Chinkara, Blue bull, Wolf, Hyena, Fox, Birds, Herpetofauna|
|Marine Sanctuary||Gulf of Kachchh, Jamnagar||Sponges, Corals, Jellyfish, Seahorse, Octopus, Oyster, Pearl oyster, Starfish, Lobster, Dolphin, Dugong, waterfowls|
|Simlipal Sactuary||Odisha||Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Gaur, Cheetal|
|Kutch Desert Sanctuary||Great Rann of Kachchh||Chinkara, Hyena, Fox, Flamingo, Pelicans & other waterfowls, Herpetofauna|
|Rampara Sanctuary Rampara,||Rajkot||Blue bull, Chinkara, Wolf, Fox, Jackal, Birds, Herpetofauna|
|Ghana Bird Sanctuary||Rajasthan||Water Bird, Black-buck, Cheetal, Sambar|
|Panchmarhi||Madhya Pradesh||Tiger, Panther, Sambhar, Nilgai, Basking, Deer|
|Dandeli Sanctuary||Karnataka||Tiger, Panther, Elephant, Cheetal, Sanbhar, Wild Boar|
|Kutch Bustard Sanctuary||Near Naliya, Kachchh||Great Indian Bustard, Lesser Florican, Houbara bustard, Chinkara, Blue bull, Herpetofauna|