GS Notes

Art & Culture Notes Part 6 – Provincial, Mughal and Colonial Architecture

Provincial Style of Architecture JAUNPUR: Under the Sharqi dynasty Jaunpur became a great centre of art, culture and architectural activity. During the rule of Shamsuddin Ibrahim (1402-1436 AD), Atala Masjid was built in 1378. GUJARAT: Gujarat witnessed significant architectural activity for over 250 years starting from Muzaffar Shah’s declaration of independence from Delhi and the …

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Art & Culture Notes Part 3 – Famous Art Forms In India

The art treasures of India are among the greatest in the world. They include 4,000-year old statuettes of lifelike vitality, fine paintings, and many types of images of Buddha. They also include temples carved into solid rock, huge temples with elaborately sculptured towers, and graceful mosques, palaces and tombs, all ornamented with delicate decorative work. …

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Ecology and Environment Notes Part 8- National Parks in India

Definition  National Park is a suitable place for biodiversity conservation. National Park declared by the Central Government such animal or any article, trophy, uncured trophy or meat [derived from such animal or any vehicle, vessel, weapon, trap, or tool used in such hunting ] shall be the property of Central Government. The national park is …

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Ecology and Environment Notes Part 9 – Wild Life Sanctuaries

Definition  Sanctuary is an area which is of adequate ecological, faunal, floral, Geo-morphological, natural or zoological significance. The Sanctuary is declared for the purpose of protecting, propagating or developing wildlife or its environment. Certain rights of people living inside the Sanctuary could be permitted. Further, during the settlement of claims, before finally notifying the Sanctuary, …

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Ecology and Environment Notes Part 10 – Biosphere Reserves in India

Biosphere Reserves (BRs) are representative parts of natural and cultural landscapes extending over a large area of terrestrial or coastal/marine ecosystems or a combination thereof and representative examples of bio-geographic zones/provinces. Criteria for designation of BR A site that must contain an effectively protected and minimally disturbed core area of value of nature conservation. The …

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Ecology and Environment Notes Part 5 – Vienna Convention, Stockholm Convention and Rotterdam Convention

INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE Vienna Convention MONTREAL PROTOCOL Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants Rotterdam Convention Basel Convention Convention on Biological Diversity Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety: Nagoya Protocol Aichi Target United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) KYOTO PROTOCOL KYOTO MECHANISM Doha Outcome Warsaw Outcome Bonn Convention …

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Ecology and Environment Notes Part 6 – Basel Convention and United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification

Basel Convention The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal was adopted on 22 March 1989 by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries in Basel, Switzerland, in response to a public outcry following the discovery, in the 1980s, in Africa and other parts of the developing world of deposits of …

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