Environment

Ecology and Environment Notes Part 8- National Parks in India

Definition  National Park is a suitable place for biodiversity conservation. National Park declared by the Central Government such animal or any article, trophy, uncured trophy or meat [derived from such animal or any vehicle, vessel, weapon, trap, or tool used in such hunting ] shall be the property of Central Government. The national park is …

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Ecology and Environment Notes Part 9 – Wild Life Sanctuaries

Definition  Sanctuary is an area which is of adequate ecological, faunal, floral, Geo-morphological, natural or zoological significance. The Sanctuary is declared for the purpose of protecting, propagating or developing wildlife or its environment. Certain rights of people living inside the Sanctuary could be permitted. Further, during the settlement of claims, before finally notifying the Sanctuary, …

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Ecology and Environment Notes Part 10 – Biosphere Reserves in India

Biosphere Reserves (BRs) are representative parts of natural and cultural landscapes extending over a large area of terrestrial or coastal/marine ecosystems or a combination thereof and representative examples of bio-geographic zones/provinces. Criteria for designation of BR A site that must contain an effectively protected and minimally disturbed core area of value of nature conservation. The …

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Ecology and Environment Notes Part 5 – Vienna Convention, Stockholm Convention and Rotterdam Convention

INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE Vienna Convention MONTREAL PROTOCOL Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants Rotterdam Convention Basel Convention Convention on Biological Diversity Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety: Nagoya Protocol Aichi Target United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) KYOTO PROTOCOL KYOTO MECHANISM Doha Outcome Warsaw Outcome Bonn Convention …

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Ecology and Environment Notes Part 6 – Basel Convention and United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification

Basel Convention The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal was adopted on 22 March 1989 by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries in Basel, Switzerland, in response to a public outcry following the discovery, in the 1980s, in Africa and other parts of the developing world of deposits of …

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Ecology and Environment Notes Part 7 – UNFCCC, KYOTO PROTOCOL, Bonn Convention and Ramsar Convention

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) It is an international environmental treaty that was produced at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) (informally known as the Earth Summit) in Rio de Janeiro, June 1992. The convention sets an overall framework for intergovernmental efforts to tackle the challenge posed by climate …

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Ecology and Environment Notes Part 2 – Ecosystem and Wetlands

Energy Flow in Ecosystem Ecosystem obtains energy from the sun, which, is trapped by producers via photosynthesis and is converted into chemical energy. The chemical energy is converted into mechanical and heats energy in cellular activities. Energy enters is the ecosystem as light and exits as heat. Energy flows in a one-way direction through ecosystem …

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Ecology and Environment Notes Part 3 – Coral Reefs, Biomes, Community and Population

Coral Reefs Coral is a plant-animal superorganism, an alga called zooxanthellae, grow inside the tissues of the animal polyp, thus exhibits mutualism between polyps & algae Located generally between 30 degrees North and 30 degrees South latitudes. Found scattered in coastal zones above continental shelves throughout the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic and Indo-pacific oceans. …

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Ecology and Environment Notes Part 4 – Causes of Loss of Biodiversity

Causes of Loss of Biodiversity The accelerated rate of species extinction is largely due to human activities. There are 4-major causes, called ‘The Evil Quartet’, for the loss of biodiversity – Habitat loss and fragmentation Overexploitation Invasion of Alien or exotic species Co-extinctions The Conservation of biodiversity can be in situ (on site) or ex-situ …

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