UPSC CSE 2019 Preparation Strategy, Syllabus, Topper tips and Subject wise planning

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If you are preparing for UPSC Civil Services Examination 2019 and looking for preparation Strategy, syllabus and important books and study materials then you are on the right page.

In this article, we are going to share with you subject wise planning of IAS prelims & Mains with the help of books and study materials.

The booklist is prepared after analysing the profile of 100+ successful students. Along with the booklist, we also find these similarities in their preparation

  • They have followed the limited study materials
  • They took revision seriously, instead of reading new topics every day
  • Many of them cracked the exam with self-preparation

If you follow these fundamental rules than you can easily sail through the UPSC Civil Services Examination. In order to cover up the syllabus, you have to prepare for the following papers of prelims and Mains

In this article, we have shared books and study materials for entire syllabus except for Paper – I (Mains) and Optional Paper (VIII & IX). 

The article is quite long so it is recommended to use Contents button given below to navigate through the article. 

At the end of this article, we have summed up all important booklist with the link to get them. 

You also download this 85 Pages PDF Ebook covering Preparation Strategy, Syllabus, Topper tips

Books for CSAT Paper 1

Current events of national and international importance 

For this topic, you have to follow any standard newspaper, such as The Hindu, Indian Express or Times of India. If you don’t have access to the newspaper you can also follow their website and be updated.

If you are confused with the topics and don’t know what to choose and how to choose than simply follow these compilations of National & International Eventshis should give you a brief idea about the topic.

For Editorials, you should follow the Columns of C.Rajamohan, Brahma Challaney, Mihir Sharma, T.A.Ninan, Ashutosh Varshney, Shashi Tharoor, Srinath Raghavan, P.Sainath, Suhasini Haidar


History of India and Indian National Movement

History of India is a broad term, which means you have to cover Ancient, Medieval and Modern Indian History, Indian national Movement is also the part of Modern Indian History.

It also includes the culture and Society, for this, we have suggested 4 must have books. 

India’s Ancient Past by RS Sharma – Very good book for ancient India portion UPSC prelims. It is the upgraded version of the old NCERT BOOK OF 11th which is discontinued. Many relevant questions (at chapter end) which were there in old ncert were removed. It Completely replaces the need to buy old Ncert.

A Brief History of Modern India (Rajiv Ahir I.P.S ) – This is the best book for modern Indian history, Small in size, and Made only from UPSC point of view.

History of Medieval India – This is one of the worth reading books… Highly recommend for the students preparing for competitive exams.

Indian Art and Culture – This Book Is ‘One Stop Solution’ For Indian Culture, Language, Art & Literature. This Book Is Of Great Help To Candidates Of Every Competitive Examination Whether It’s UPSC Or State PSC. 


Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World  

We think this one is simple to understand because syllabus has clearly mentioned the three important branches of both India and World Geography, apart from NCERT Books here, we have suggested 2 must have books.

Certificate of P & M Geo – It’s an outdated book, with useful information, the reason for recommending this books for IAS Prelims is the foundation which it will provide, it’s up to you that how you are going to use it because information is both factual and conceptual.

Wizard Geography – The best part of this book: it is so concise yet so complete and yeah, it is better than any Geography notes in the Rajendra Nagar/ Mukherjee Nagar market of Delhi, all the relevant facts, terms, data, concepts are summarised in an easy-to-remember format and this is indeed its forte.

You just remember the contents you’ve read this book and that’s what needed in CSE Prelims. Don’t expect anything extra (like – conceptual clarity, pretty diagrams, etc – you’ll have to refer other books to them) and you’ll be satisfied.


Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc (2books)

For this you need to focus on two things, the first one is the static portion of Indian Polity and Governance, which can be covered with the help of books, which we have mentioned below. The second source will be current affairs for covering schemes, Policy & other Stuff, here also 2 books are needed for preparation.

Indian Polity 5th Edition – The book itself needs no introduction. It is one of the most popular and comprehensive books on the subject and has been a consistent bestseller for many years. The 5th Edition boasts of few important new topics and existing content has been upgraded.

Our Constitution –  The book, ‘Our Constitution’ by Subhash C. Kashyap is a book that gives the readers an ideal introduction to the Indian Constitution.  It is written in such a format that readers from all backgrounds will be able to understand the concepts effectively.


Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc

This topic can be covered with the help of NCERT books for Economics, reference books on economic and Current Affairs.

NCERT Books – Download these books for clearing the concepts

Current Affairs – For this section, you need to follow news based on economic and social development, you should also focus on recent initiatives taken by the government. We have also compiled this magazine to cover up this section.

Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh – Topics are well designed to cover the entire UPSC syllabus and it will also help in solving indirect questions asked in the exam.


General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization

For this section current affairs are really important, you have to pick up the popular and trending issues related to this topic from newspaper and work on those concepts. For covering those concepts and static portion NIOS materials will be really helpful.

You may also follow these books to cover the static portion of the syllabus.

Environment by Shankar IAS Academy – This is a highly recommended book by IAS Toppers and also many coaching institutes. You should buy this book without thinking twice.

Environment And Ecology-A Complete Guide (Civil Services (Preliminary And Main) Examinations) – This is one of the popular books among aspirant, and with good reviews on Amazon. The author had compiled this book by keeping in mind the syllabus and need for UPSC Exam.

The environment for Civil Services Prelims and Mains and Other Competitive Examinations  – This book is also helpful for other competitive examination apart from UPSC. This book is a guide for students who want to improve their environment, ecology and biodiversity knowledge.


General Science

For this portion again two sources are really important. First, one is NCERT books on Science & Tech and second on is Current Affairs.

NCERT books will clear your basic concepts which you have already learned in the school. Current topics of science and tech will keep you updated with the happenings, which is really important for the examination.


Books for CSAT Paper 2

Comprehension

If you look at old papers of CSAT 2, then you will get the idea about this topic. There will be high-level passages with questions. If you are reading newspaper and magazines on a regular basis than this topic should not concern you. But if you looking for the books to polish your skill then you can go for the following books

Reading Comprehension for Civil Services Preliminary Examination (Second Edition) – It is the revised and updated edition of Reading Comprehension for Civil Services Preliminary Examination’ has been updated with solved question papers from 2011-2017. 

English Language Comprehension Skill – The book with a good number of comprehensive passages, will help to improve the reading skill.  if you are looking for more practice than this book should help you. 

Proficiency in Reading Comprehension Simplifying the ‘Passage’ for you – This book is mostly preferred for CAT, MAT and SNAP examination, but if you want to improve your vocabulary and reading speed, then this book should help you. 


Interpersonal skills including communication skills

It is difficult to find a book on this topic as very few books are available for this topic, among them the most preferred one is Interpersonal and Communication Skills by Arun Sharma.

This book is specially crafted for the Civil Services Preliminary Examination and based on the new syllabus.


Logical reasoning, analytical ability and general mental ability

Although there are various books on this topic if you will ask for one single book which will serve the purpose for this examination than we are going to recommend this short book How to Crack Test Of Reasoning.

In this book, you will get lots of quality questions and lucid explanation of all important concepts. 

General mental ability is also the part of the syllabus, and there is a book namely Logical Reasoning, Analytical Ability and General Mental Ability for Civil Services Preliminary Examination, which is full of solved papers of previous years and also contain questions for practising purpose.


Decision-making and problem-solving

Now for this portion, there are few books available in the market because this is a topic which you have to solve with your consciousness. Hypothetical questions with case studies will be provided and you need to solve those. It will test your way of thinking and intelligence.

Apart from that, there is a self-help book The Art of Thinking Clearly which will help you to think clearly about such type of situations.


General mental ability

For this books have been already suggested above


Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)

As you can see in order to complete this section you need to cover two topics which are basic numeracy and data interpretation.

Let’s find out books for basic numeracy

To cover this portion Basic Numeracy for CSAT General Studies Paper II by Arun Sharma is a masterpiece. The book is sufficient to entirely cover all concepts of basic numeracy for your preliminary examinations. It covers the quickest techniques to explore the syllabus. The book is full of shortcut techniques. 

Let’s now explore the books for Data interpretation 

Data interpretation remains one of the most important yet often overlooked aspects of preparation. So if you want to develop grip on this portion then you must follow Data Interpretation & Data Sufficiency by Ananta Ashisha. 

This book ‘Data Interpretation and Data Sufficiency’ aims at guiding the aspirants of competitive examinations through all the basic as well as troubled areas of data interpretation and sufficiency and help to crack every type of problems with relative ease. 


Books for Mains Compulsory English (Paper 2)

Paper-II Compulsory English of civil services mains examination consists of 300 marks and is of qualifying nature. In order to score good marks and qualify this paper proper practice and developing right techniques is necessary.

1. Compulsory English – Solved Papers 2001-2017 for Civil Services Examination

The third, updated edition of IAS Mains Compulsory English contains the latest solved Compulsory English Paper of the 2016 civil services main examination.

To master the rules governing the spellings of words, the chapter titled The Basics and the Rules Governing Spellings’ in this book would be an invaluable help.

For developing a rich vocabulary, the chapter Indispensable Words and their Synonyms (Alternatives)’ would enable the readers to make a definite impact in their writing.

Salient Features

  • Solved Compulsory English Papers of UPSC 2001-2016
  • Solved English Papers of Indian Forest Service Examination 2013-2015
  • Solved English Papers of IES/ISS Examination 2013-2015
  • Two Solved English Papers of Punjab Civil Services Main Examination
  • Chapter titled The Basics and The Rules Governing Spellings’ for improving grammar
  • Chapter titled Indispensable Words and Their Synonyms’ for a rich vocabulary.

2. Descriptive English by S.P Bakshi 

This book has been designed for CSAT, Civil Services (Mains), PCS (Civil & Judiciary), IBPS, TGT & PGT (English) & various other competitive examinations.

This book has been divided into 4 Parts – Part A: Writing Skills, Part B: Comprehension Skills, Part C: Grammar Skills & Part D: Verbal Skills. Part A has been further divided into Essay Writing, Short Essay Writing & Expansion Writing.

Each chapter contains detailed theory including a number of sample examples in a simple & easier way to understand the topics well. Workbook Exercises have been provided in between the chapters for Part B, C & D. Answers for all the questions have been given at the end of the section.


Books for Mains Essay (Paper 3)

In mains syllabus of civil services examination Paper- 3 consists of Essay, where Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given.

They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.


1. Essay Paper for Civil Services Main Examination

This book is the latest and popular book for covering the essay paper of civil services examination, it will help you to develop skills for writing essays and will also improve your writing.

Key highlights:-

The book begins with an introduction to the essay paper and then goes on to provide a mix of much-needed vocabulary and grammar to prepare impressive essays.

It then moves on to provide a variety of tips and strategies followed by plenty of model essays. The last part of the book gives a bouquet much-needed says on a wide range of topics which can be developed into full-fledged essays.

Finally, there is a selected list of quotes/themes that can be used to enrich and improve a well-prepared essay.

 So it should be your first choice if you are planning to buy a book which will help you to develop techniques for writing essays.

2. Selected Contemporary Essays

Basically, this book is this book is the collection of essays for Civil Services and other competitive examination. It will show you a structure in which you should write essays.

Key highlights:-

Selected Contemporary Essays is a comprehensive and lucid collection of essays meant for complete coverage of the all viable essay topics for the first Essay Paper of the UPSC Mains examination.

Written by an IAS officer, Dr Saumitra Mohan, who is presently the collector and magistrate of Burdwan.

So if you have already developed the skills and technique for writing essays, then you can buy this book. As it has the huge collections (134) of contemporary essays.

It will help you develop the right approach for any topic.

3. ESSAYS for Civil Services and Other Competitive Examinations

This is a popular and old book on the topic. Published by Arihant and compiled by an IAS Topper.

Key highlights:-

The Author is IAS Topper (Rank 5, Civil Services Examination: 2010).

It’s an old which we will not recommend for the preparation. As above two books are more than enough for preparation.

4. Contemporary Essays

Contemporary Essay is a collection of carefully selected and compiled topical essays meant for complete coverage of the all viable essay topics for the first paper of the UPSC Mains examination, which is exclusively an essay paper.

Key Features:

  • Reference to important government data and documents in most essays.
  • The introductory write-up on the art of essay writing, prerequisites of a good essay.
  • The separate section titled ‘Essays with Tips’ that provide ‘links and clues’ to other essays.
  • Carefully designed topics relevant to the current scenario and requirements of aspirants.

It is the latest book and has a good collection of essays. it might help you for practising purpose.


Books for GS 1 Mains (Paper 4)

There are 11 topics under (GS – 1) Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society. We have tried our best to cover all these topics and accordingly selected the books.

It is to be noted that only books will not help you to cover the entire syllabus. So apart from books, we have also suggested other resources cover up the syllabus.


Let’s start with the 1st point of the syllabus

Indian Culture

It states that “Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times”  now to cover up this portion you have to follow the given resources.

Indian Art & Culture – This book is also recommended for the prelims, it will help you to cover the Indian Art, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. This is the latest edition, so you will get the updated information.

Ccrtindia website –  It’s a good website with authentic information, here you can gather information about Visual arts, Performing Arts and Literary Arts. It’s a place to keep you updated with the latest happenings. Don’t forget to bookmark this site.

NCERT Book on fine arts class 11 – If you will thoroughly follow the above-mentioned resources than there is no need to go through this book. It’s up to you.


Indian History 1750 to present  (Covering 2nd & 3rd Points of Syllabus)

The 2nd point of syllabus states that you have to cover “Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues”.

That means you have to cover the significant events & Issues from 1750 to the present, so apart from history, you have also go through Important current developments. To cover up this following books will be immensely  helpful

A New Look at Modern Indian History: From 1707 To The Modern Times – Written by B.L Grover, it’s an old book, and covering the important events from 1707 to 1998. So basically this book will cover 80% of the syllabus. For remaining, 20% do follow the current affairs.

According to the 3rd point of the syllabus, you have to cover “Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country”.

This means you need to cover the events between (1857 – 1947), the following books will be immensely helpful. The Rajiv Ahir book is small in size, whereas Bipin Chandra book is quite bulky.

A Brief History of Modern India (Rajiv Ahir I.P.S ) – This is the best book for modern Indian history, Small in size, and Made only from UPSC point of view.

or 

India’s Struggle for Independence – This book for an in-depth and detailed overview of the Indian independence movement, Book contains 39 chapters in the narrative style by different authors. The first chapter starts with the Revolt of 1857.


Post-Independence India & World History (Covering 4th point of syllabus)

As per the 4th point of syllabus you have to cover “Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country & History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

Let’s look at the books and study materials which will be helpful in covering Post – Independence India.

 

India Since Independence by Bipan Chandra – One of the most popular and recommended books for understanding the events of post-Independence India.

The book also sheds light on the foreign policy and economic reforms that were introduced in 1991. Not just the economic aspect, the book also covers in details the sociological problems faced in modern times, like the prevalence of untouchability and the caste issues and others.

It also dissects and discusses in detail the Punjab crisis as well as the party politics played out both at the Centre and the States.

The Politics of India Since Independence (South Asian Edition) (The New Cambridge History of India) – The book is divided into three parts. The first part studies Political Change, the second part looks at Pluralism and National Integration, and the third section discusses Political Economy.

Through all these different perspectives the book does an analysis of the country’s history in the last few decades.

or 

Battles Half Won: India’s Improbable Democracy – It’s a very good book to read about contemporary socioeconomic issues that have been persistent challenges for the country.

It also examines concerns ranging from federalism and Hindu nationalism to caste conflict and civil society, the north-south economic divide and politics of economic reforms.

Now let’s find out useful books for covering world history

As per the syllabus, you need to start the preparing for world history from 18th century i.e. 1700 to the present time,  following books will be helpful

History Of The Modern World by Jain and Mathur – It’s an average guide to the book which had covered all important events from 1500 AD to 2000 AD.

History of the World by Arjun Dev and Indira Arjun Dev – This book has effectively covered the events between (1890 -2009 ) late nineteenth to early twenty-first century.

It is similar to old 12th class NCERT book of world history. The book is very concise and covers the important factors contributed to world wars in a lucid and simple language.

Or

Mastering Modern World History by Norman Lowe – The book expands on the events that occurred in the early 20th century starting from the catastrophic events of the First World War across the modern advancements in technologies towards the end of the century. Although it’s a good book but does not cover the events between the 18th and 19th century.


Society and Diversity of India (Covering 5th point of the syllabus)

As per the 5th point of the UPSC Mains GS 1 syllabus, you need to cover Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

It’s a broad topic so along with books we are also going to suggest you relevant study materials

Indian Society And Diversity by Dr Alka Chowdhary – This book is specially crafted for this topic of General Studies 1. It’s to the point and had covered all important issues in detail.

Newspaper & Magazine – Be aware of the social happenings, new bills related to the society etc. Yojana and Kurukshetra will also be helpful.


Role of Women and Social Problems in India covering (sixth point of syllabus)

 As per the syllabus, you have to cover the topics like  Role of women and women’s organisation, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanisation, their problems and their remedies. Let’s look at the available books study materials to cover these topics

Social Problems In India by Ram Ahuja – It is one of the popular and leading books of sociology but not updated since 1997. The book has covered all important topics such as poverty, unemployment, population explosions, urbanization, backward classes, tribes etc.…

This book will help you to understand the social problems in India, but as already mentioned it’s an outdated book so here you need to follow the current affairs and the internet to update these data.

Role of Women and women’s organization – Well there is the scarcity of books and standard materials for this topic. You can google the topic or take help of the newspaper.


Effects of globalisation on Indian society covering the 7th point of the syllabus

You can get thousands of articles on globalisation but there is limited quality content for its impact on Indian society. Following books and resources will help you to cover up this topic.

Newspaper – Yes the newspaper can become a valuable source to cover-up this topic, all you need to do is to follow the editorials on day to day basis. Whenever you find a good article related to this topic just cut it out or save it as e-notes.

 Contemporary Issues in Globalization by Soumyen Sikdar – The books are in essay format and in this text, critical issues relating to globalisation are presented in a compact yet rigorous manner using the basic principles of environmental studies, international trade theory, industrial organisation, and public economics.

Or

Indians in a Globalizing World by Dilip Hiro – In this book Dilip has focused upon the issues that have shaped the last two decades of the country due to globalisation. The problem of farmers, Adivasis migrants and slum dwellers is also covered up.


Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism covering the 8th point of the syllabus

There is the scarcity of materials on this topic, however, we have found following resources which will be helpful for the preparation.

Let’s look at the resources for Social Empowerment

For covering the Social empowerment the website of Ministry of Social justice & Empowerment is highly recommend. There you will find a tab Annual Report under this download the latest version. In this post, we are the attaching the latest version of this report clicks here to download. It is not necessary to read each and every point from this book, read selectively.

Books & Resources for covering Communalism and Secularism

While searching for the materials we came across this 14 pages IGNOU study materials which are excellent and highly recommended to cover this topic.

Apart from that, we have also found some books which might be helpful if you want to dig deeper.

Books for covering the topic of regionalism in India

As of now, we have not found authentic study materials for this topic. You may google for this topic use the following book which is 75 pages and will give you an idea about this topic.

Apart from following the above resources, it is also necessary to follow the newspaper on this topic.


Salient features of World’s Physical Geography covering the 9th point of the syllabus

For this section, you can follow the books which we have already suggested for the prelims, just for convenience we are going to share these books again

Certificate of P & M Geo – It’s an outdated book, with useful information. The reason for recommending this books for IAS Prelims is the foundation which it will provide. It’s up to you that how you are going to use it because information is both factual and conceptual.

NCERT Books – Old NCERT(8 TO 12th ) + New Ncert (11 & 12th)


Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India) – Covering 10th point of syllabus

Here you need to cover some topics from the internet and Wikipedia but the majority of topics can be completed from the following book.

Indian and World Geography (Majid Husain ) – Excellent book..it is better than Khullar. Majid Hussain is actually masterclass..he knows what are needed for UPSC aspirants.


Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes (Covering 11th point of syllabus)

Again same books and resources as mentioned above

NCERT Books –  Here is the link for NCERT books of geography which will be helpful for this section

Indian and World Geography (Majid Husain – As suggested earlier will also help to cover this topic.

Apart from that www.eoearth.org website will be helpful in covering the topic of impact on flora – fauna


Books for GS 2 Mains (Paper 5)

Let’s start with the point 1 of the syllabus that is  – Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

This topic can be covered with a single that is Introduction to the Constitution of India ( Durgadas Basu), you might face difficulties with terms used in this book, but at the same time for analytical writing with the wider perspective, this book is a masterpiece.


The 2nd point is – Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

You might be familiar with this topic as these concepts are also discussed in Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikanth. While going through the book you will be surprised to find the line to line topic for this section, as if the author has considered the syllabus while penning this book.  


The 3rd point is – Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions

Here also Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikanth will help you to cover this topic, apart from that we are linking below some PDF files which will be extremely helpful. 

Devolution of finances to local bodies (PDF)

Public Grievances and Redressal Mechanism (PDF)


The 4th point is – Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

So for this portion, we are going to recommend two books first one is Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikanth.

The second book is Select Constitutions by Mishra and Kapur, is designed to provide you with an in-depth analysis of a number of governments around the world.

The governments included here are those of Switzerland, England, India, US and the USSR. This book has been written with the intent of helping those students who are appearing for university exams, as well as for those students who are appearing for a wide range of competitive examinations.

Apart from the books mentioned here, 2nd Administrative reforms commission report will also help out.


The 5th point is – Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these

Plenty of books available to cover up this section but the cheap and best among them is  Our Parliament by Subhash C. Kashyap.

Apart from that Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikant will also help you out. 

Some topics of 2nd Administrative reforms commission report will also cover up this portion.


The 6th point is – Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity

Here also you don’t need to buy an additional book as  Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikant will cover up all topics mentioned here. 

Apart from that selected topics from  2nd Administrative reforms commission report is recommended.


The 7th point is – Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act

Just follow this 27 pages PDF file for the static portion

For current happenings, you may use newspaper or any current affairs magazine


8th, 9th & 10th points are

Various bodies + Constitutional, statutory + Government policies & interventions

Here we have combined the 8th, 9th and 10th point of the syllabus as they are interrelated and have a similar theme, following books will helpful

Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikant

2nd Administrative reforms commission report (selected topics)

Public Institutions in India: Performance and Design –  The book explores the Presidency, Parliament, Judiciary and Police. It also observes the institutions of internal accountability, the civil services, along with economic institutions like the Reserve Bank of India.


The 11th point is Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

Although we can’t find any standard book on this topic after browsing the internet we discovered some useful articles

Dept. of Administrative reforms notes on self-help group

Complete Notes on Development Processes And The Development Industry

If you can find yojana magazines on this topic then that would also help out.


The 12th point is – Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

Although there is no standard reference book to cover up this section, you need to mostly depend on the internet and current affairs. For your convenience, we are sharing an article which has covered up everything.

General Studies 2 Notes for IAS


The 13th point is Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

No standard books available for this section you follow the current affairs compilation for this section, the compilation has focused on following topics.

  • Introduction to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services
  • Introductory Overview of Social Sector Programmes in India
  • Issues Relating to Development and Management of Health Sector and Services in India
  • Issues Relating to Human Resources Management and Education Sector in India

The 14th point is Issues relating to poverty and hunger

There are plenty of materials available to cover up this section, we are listing below the best among them


The 15th point is Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures

  • Here we are going to recommend two books, which should be read together first one is Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikant and the second one is Governance in India by the same author. 
  • For current portion follow any newspaper especially The Hindu

The 16th point is The role of civil services in a democracy

  • For this portion, if possible then you can go through the IGNOU study material on administration. The material can be found in the BA programme of IGNOU, or it is easily available in any bookstore of Delhi.

The 17th point is India and its neighbourhood- relations

Plenty of study materials are available for this topic, best among them is Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India’s Foreign Policy (Rajiv Sikri), this book is designed to maintain our place in the 21st-century global scenario.

Many different national issues like economic diplomacy, energy security and interactions between diplomacy, defence and foreign organisations are being discussed in the different modules of this book.

For current happenings simply follow the website of the Ministry of External Affairs, here you will find a dedicated section for each and every country.


The 18th point is Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

The preparation for this section is completely depended on current affairs, apart from the newspaper the websites like PIB, All India Radio and of Ministry of External Affairs will be extremely helpful.


The 19th point is Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

For this section most of the stuff can be covered through current affairs, apart from that  Ministry of External Affairs will be extremely helpful.

You can also follow this List of International Organizations which help you to understand their function and dig into the mandates imposed on India.


Books for GS 3 Mains (Paper 6)

Current affairs will play the crucial role In order to prepare this section of the syllabus, apart from few books NCERT books will also help to cover some portion the syllabus.

We have also shared some useful study materials, which will be beneficial to coverup this portion.

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment (1st point of syllabus)


Inclusive growth and issues arising from it (2nd point of syllabus)


 Government Budgeting (3rd point)


 Major crops cropping patterns………..constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers (4th Point)


Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies…. Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing (5th Point)


 Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management (6th Point)

This is a dynamic topic where you will not find everything at the single place you need to do bit research over the internet and also follow current affairs. Here is the article from the Ministry of Food Processing Industries which is very helpful


Land reforms in India (7th Point)


Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth (8th Point)


Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc (9th Point)

Here you need to buy two books


Investment models (10th point)


Science – Tech …..Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights (11th,12th & 13th Point)


Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment (14th Point)


Disaster and disaster management (15th Point)


Security (16th, 17th, 18th & 19th point )

Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism


Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate (20th Point)

  • Online Reading & Wikipedia

Books for GS 4 Mains (Paper 7)

Hope you are acquainted with the syllabus of UPSC Mains GS 4, it states that “This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life” basically question will be based upon the practical situations and case studies.

  • You can not learn these things from books or magazines, as it’s not a theoretical knowledge.
  • It is based on practical experiences so to prepare for this section go through the books given below.
  • These books will give you an idea about the questions don’t except that exact question in the examination.
  • There is no need to mug up anything just go through these books and develop an idea for the topics.

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude English for Civil Services Examination by G.Subba Rao 

First of all, we would like to mention the book written by G. Subba Rao   (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude English for Civil Services Examination)  this book highly popular among the aspirants, With regular revision and updates over the past years, the book has become indispensable for civil service aspirants.

Features of the book

  • 27 core chapters covering the entire spectrum of the syllabus
  • 25 Case Studies in a separate chapter
  • Over 50 Case Studies interspersed within the text
  • Chapter-end Summary
  • Practice Questions at the end of each chapter
  • A new chapter titled Ethical and Moral Conundrums’
  • A completely rewritten chapter on Political Attitudes
  • Fully Solved Ethics Question Papers (2013-2017)

All we can say that this book is more than enough to cover the syllabus and you need not buy or look around for other sources It’s an all in one package.


Lexicon for Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude 

So apart from the book mentioned above, there is one more popular book available in the market. if you are running out of time and want to finish the syllabus than follow this one.

The book is written by Niraj Kumar and is famous for its brief explanation of the concepts along with easy to understand language.

Although there is an issue with the paper quality of the book and is being published by Chronical. So if you have less time to cover up the syllabus than only buy this book. Otherwise, G.Subba Rao should be your first preference.

Apart from the books mentioned above, you can also follow the Michael Sandel justice lecture videos available on Youtube.


Lets Sum the entire booklist For UPSC Prelims and Mains

For CSAT 1 

For CSAT 2

For Paper 2 Mains Compulsory English

For Paper 3 Mains Essay

Buy any one

For Paper 4 GS 1 Mains

For Paper 5 GS 2 Mains

For Paper 6 GS 3 Mains

For Paper 7 GS 4 Mains

We hope that you find this article useful if we missed anything or you have any quarries then let us know in the comment section.

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