Location and size of India – Indian Geography Notes Part – 1

In this article you will get breif information about India and its  location and size.

About India

  • In the north, it is bound by the lofty Himalayas.
  • The Arabian Sea in the west
  • The Bay of Bengal in the east and the Indian Ocean in the south
  • The north-south extent from Kashmir to Kanyakumari is about 3,200 km.
  • And the east-west extent from Arunachal Pradesh to Kutch is about 2,900 km.

Location and size of India

Locational settings 

  • India is located in the northern hemisphere
  • TheTropic of Cancer (23°30 ‘ N) passes almost halfway through the country
  • From south to the north, India extends between 8°4′ N and37°6′ N latitudes.
  • From west to east, India extends between 68°7 ‘ E and97°25 ‘E longitudes.
  • The southernmost point of the Indian Union– ‘Indira Point’ got submerged under the sea water in 2004 during the Tsunami.


  • An area of 3.28 million square km.
  • India’s total area accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total geographical area of the world.
  • India is the seventh largest country in the world.
  • India has a land boundary of about 15,200 km
  • The total length of the coastline of the mainland including Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep is7,516.6 km.
  • India is bounded by the young fold mountains in the northwest, north and northeast.
  • From Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh there is a time lag of two hours.
  • Hence, time along with standard Meridian of India (82°30’E) passing through Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh) is taken as the standard time for the whole country.
  • Rajasthan is the largest state
  • Goa is the smallest state in terms of area.

No other country has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean as India has and indeed, it is India’s eminent position in the Indian Ocean which justifies the naming of an Ocean after it.

Since the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, India’s distance from Europe has been reduced by 7,000 km.

Do you know?

  • The USA and Canada have six time zones extending from the Pacific coast to the Atlantic coast.
  • The local time changes by four minutes for every one degree of longitude.
  • The local time of longitude of 82°30′ E has been taken as the Indian Standard Time.


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